Situated on the top of the Pipashan
Mountain, Chongqing Museum was founded
in 1951 as Southwest Museum and was
renamed as Chongqing Museum in 1955.
Covering a construction area of 5500 sqm,
the museum has over 40 exhibiting halls
with about 100,000 pieces of relics,
which spans over 3000 years history from
the ancient Kingdom of Ba and the
near-mythical Three Kingdoms Period to
World War Two and the Chinese
These antiquities mainly include bronze
wares, potteries, paintings, porcelains,
sculptures, etc, in which relics of
Ba-Shu culture, painting of various
dynasties, terra-cotta and sculpture of
the Han dynasty and pottery and
porcelain are most famous.
Relics of Ba-Shu culture: In this
section, Ba-Shu bronze weapons are most
noticeable. Exquisitely made and
elaborately engraved, these weapons,
especially "Round top axe" and "Spear
with two rings", all express distinctive
local feature of the Ba culture.
Terra cottas and sculptures of the Han
dynasty: These exhibits reflect the
social life of Han dynasty with their
vivid appearances and designs. Various
pottery figures, including storytellers,
singers and dancers, musicians, cooks,
etc, are meticulously carved with
lifelike expressions and the surface
carving of picture bricks and stones
describe incisively people’s yearning
for happy life.
Pottery and porcelain: Sichuan kilns
have special local characteristics. In
this section, Tang Tri-color Pottery
products of Qiong kiln are most famous.
Besides, purple clay ware (Zisha) of the
Ming and Qing dynasties also exhibited
in this section.
The museum also has systematic
collections of traditional cultural
relics including: pictures and
calligraphies of masters since the Song